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11:13 Jan 16 2009

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English>>Tibet Online
Reform and opening-up brings tremendous changes to Tibetan society
16:11, December 19, 2008  

Reform and opening-up over the past 30 years has made tremendous historic changes in the society of Tibet, creating a miracle on the ancient plateau, Dekyi, the vice chairman of Tibet Autonomous Region said, during a symposium on Tibet's public health system held in commemoration of the 30th anniversary of reform and opening-up on December 17.

2007 statistics show that the GDP in the Tibet region reached 34.219 billion yuan, up 15.8 times that of 1978. When calculated at comparable prices, the per capita GDP stood at 12,109 yuan, increasing 9.4 times from 1978; local financial revenues in the whole autonomous region totaled 2.314 billion yuan, growing by over 2.3 billion yuan from the negative 16 million yuan recorded in 1978. Since 2001, the Tibetan economy has already maintained an annual growth rate of over 12% for seven successive years.

Since reform and opening-up, the nation has successively arranged a large group of major construction projects, remarkably improving Tibet's infrastructure. During the central government's third and fourth working conference on Tibet, it confirmed 62 and 117 major construction projects, respectively, with total investments reaching 4.86 billion yuan and 32.09 billion yuan. In January 2007, the State Council confirmed 180 projects in Tibet as part of the 11th Five-Year Plan, with a total investment of 109.76 billion yuan.

Besides the central government's direct investment, central and state organs, 17 key central enterprises and 18 supporting provinces and cities of Tibet have carried out altogether 2,861 aid-Tibet projects with a total investment of 9.3 billion yuan.

At present, overall progress has been made in various social undertakings in Tibet. As of 2007, the gross enrollment rate in primary schools, junior high schools, senior high schools and higher education institutions had reached 98.2%, 90.8%, 43% and 17.4%, respectively. People’s right to education has been fully guaranteed. There are 1,339 health institutions in the entire autonomous region, up by 484 on 1978. The average life expectancy of the Tibetan people has also increased from 35.5 years, when Tibet was peacefully liberated, to the current 67 years.

Over the past 30 years, the living standards in Tibet have improved drastically. In 1978, the per capita net income of agricultural and herd farmers in Tibet was only 175 yuan, it reached 2,788 yuan in 2007. In 1978, the disposable income of urban residents per capita was only 565 yuan, it increased to 11,131 yuan in 2007. The savings deposit balance of urban and rural residents in Tibet reached 16.013 billion yuan in 2007, a nearly 500-fold increase over the 33 million yuan in 1978.

By China Tibet Online

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