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10:26 Mar 26 2009

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Preface of 50th Anniversary of Democratic Reform in Tibet Exhibition
10:22, March 26, 2009  

In the mid-20th century, Tibet, the largest ethnic minority-dominant region in southwest China, still practiced feudal serfdom under the despotic theocratic rule of administrative officials, aristocrats and upper-ranking lamas.

The peaceful liberation in May 1952 freed Tibetans from the fetters of imperialistic invasion to enter a new epoch. Certain members of the ruling class, however, were unwilling to follow the historical trend and even dreamed of preserving serfdom. In March 1959, they brazenly staged an armed rebellion intended to split the country. The central government, with the support of the Tibetan people, took decisive and resolute measures to dismiss the original local government of Tibet, suppressed the rebels, and started to carry out democratic reform in Tibet.

The democratic reform abolished the region's obsolescent system of serfdom and overthrew the ruling of the three main estate-holders headed by the Dalai Lama. The reform emancipated over one million of Tibetan serfs and slaves, and enabled them to become masters of their own destiny and homeland. On January 19, 2009, the second session of the 9th Tibet Autonomous Regional People's Congress decided to designate March 28th as Serfs' Emancipation Day.

With the advent of the 50th anniversary of the democractic reform, we hold the 50th Anniversary of the Democratic Reforms in Tibet Exhibition, with the aim of highlighting remarkable achievements Tibet has made over the past 50 years under the central collective leadership of the CPC with Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Zemin at the core, and the present CPC Central Committee with Hu Jintao as the general secretary.

Source: Xinhua

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