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10:54 Jan 06 2010

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Combined efforts contributes to sound environment in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
10:53, January 06, 2010  

According to Zhang Yongze, the project is a key method China used to cope with the global warming, accelerate the ecological restoration and protect the entironment in Tibet. (Xinhua Photo)

The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has benefited a lot from the ten-year great development in China's western regions in terms of ecological environmental protection, which will mart its 10th anniversary next year.

In recent years, China has made great efforts to improve the ecological environment in its west regions, the fragile environment in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in particularly.

The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, boasted as the roof of the world as well as an important ecological barrier in China, serves as an inductor and sensitive zone of world weather.

In 2005, China invested 7.5 billion yuan to launch the project of protecting environment in the Sanjiangyuan Area, the largest of its kind in the country.

According to the office of Sanjiangyuan Area, effective achievements have been made since the implementation of the project. For example, a project funded with 30 million yuan has provided safe drinking to 17,000 farmers and herdsmen.

Known as the water tower of China, the Sanjiangyuan Area lying in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau at an altitude of 4,000 kilometers, is the source of Yangtze, Yellow and Lancang rivers. It is not only an important green shelter as well as water reserve in China and even the whole Asia, but also one of the regions in the country with most fragile and primitive ecological system.

In 2009, China decided to use five years to carry out ten projects to improve the environmental condition in Tibet with a combined investment of 1.55 million yuan.

Those projects have brought a great deal of benefits to Tibet in terms of environment, society and economy. For instance, the project of turning grazing land into grassland has increase the annual water conservation in Tibet to two million cubic meters, and in the meanwhile carbon sequestration in forestry has also reinforced, playing an active role in the global carbon balance of atmosphere.

Following the huge investments from the central government, local governments in the western regions are also active in improving environment in their own regions. From 2001 to 2008, Tibet's local government has spent a total of 6.46 billion yuan to launch a series of projects of protection environment and banned the mining of gold dust, while the development of mineral resources were also prohibited in Qinghai Province.

With combined efforts from the central government and the local government, a sound environmental condition boasting crystal-clear rivers and blue sky was formed in Tibet. To date, in the region there are 20 nature reserves at or above regional level with a total coverage of 41.25 million ha, taking up 26.76 percent of the nature reserve coverage in China and ranking the first among the country's provinces and cities.

Source: China Tibet Information Center

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