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07:47 Sep 28 2011

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Dalai Lama's 'Greater Tibet' concept against China's law
08:46, May 18, 2010  

On March 24, Professor Hao Shiyuan, Deputy Secretary General of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Study, said the truth of the "Greater Tibet," proposed by the Dalai Lama, is that he seeks independence under the guise of ethnic autonomy. It has violated the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Regional Nationality Autonomy.

"According to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Regional National Autonomy, the basic content of the system of regional autonomy of ethnic minorities is regional autonomy of ethnic minorities. It is a basic policy consistent with China's conditions and also an important political system of China," he said.

In the two laws, the phrase "ethnic autonomy system" does not appear, nor is it said to be equal to "regional autonomy of ethnic minorities."

Professor Hao said, in China, regional autonomy of ethnic minorities is a system combining the ethnic and regional factors. The ethnic factor highlights the ethnic groups' implementation of autonomy at different levels of administrative areas such as autonomous regions, counties and townships. And the regional factor highlights the common interests of all ethnic groups in the autonomous areas.

Then in the autonomous areas, these two factors form the local people's congresses and people's governments, which exercise the right of autonomy under the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Regional Nationality Autonomy.

In other words, an ethnic minority, as long as it has a certain population size in a certain administrative area, can enjoy the regional autonomy of ethnic minorities in the area. The system goes with the people and with the administrative area.

For instance, if there is an area where Tibetans gather and live in Jiangsu Province and they make up a big proportion of the area's total population, then an autonomous county or township could be established here. And they can be given the right of managing the affairs of their own ethnic group. This is a demonstration of the ethnic factor with the ethnic identity highlighted.

Meanwhile, the autonomous administrative area is not exclusive for other ethnic groups. So there might be people of other ethnic groups, for instance, the Han nationality, the Tujia nationality, Mongolians and so on, living in the neighborhood of the Tibetan families.

Therefore, this autonomous county or township should take the common interests of all the ethnic groups in the area into consideration in its administration. It is a local- level state administrative organ. This is a reflection of its regional factor.

Why does China adopt this method? An important reason is the reality that China's ethnic groups live together over vast areas while some live in individual concentrated communities in small areas. In such a unified country, different ethnic groups could migrate according to their needs freely and spontaneously.

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(Editor:王千原雪)

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http://chinatibet.people.com.cn/6988551.pdf