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15:56 Jan 28 2011

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The place Gods like: A temple town in Kham
15:54, January 28, 2011  



Tagong, Sichuan. I sat in Sally's Café on a frigid January morning watching the hubbub of the only street in town while I waited for my yak stew to finish cooking. I was 11,700 feet above sea level and the sound of the pressure cooker squealing in the background did not help my altitude-induced headache. Townfolk strolled around in fur-lined tunics, browsing the open-air shops. Most people let their long sleeves dangle loosely at their sides, walking around with their arms pulled inside and folded across their chests for warmth. Nomads rode in on meticulously decorated motorcycles with leopard-pattern saddles and charms hanging from the handlebars.

Sally, the portly restaurant matron, told me that I was the only tourist she had seen in a long time, and that most people come when it is warmer and nomads are grazing their herds in the grasslands that surround the main town. Indeed, it was not the most comfortable time to visit – at the guesthouse where I was staying there was no running water because the pipes were frozen. The bathroom floor was partially iced over. The only source of heat in the house was a wood stove in the kitchen. It was so cold that I only stayed for a day.

I may have been the only tourist, but there were plenty of other visitors – pilgrims, who arrived on foot from the south. They wore brown aprons draped over their knees and wooden planks tied to their hands. With every few steps they fell to their knees and then prostrated themselves in the direction of Tagong temple, taking advantage of the icy surface to slide several feet with each prostration. Every once in a while a coal truck barreled down the road, missing the pilgrims by just a couple of feet. They were inching their way towards a very special image of the Buddha in the prayer hall of the temple that is identical to the one in the Jokhang Monastery in Lhasa.

The Tagong Buddha purportedly dates to the Tang Dynasty. In the year 640, Princess Wencheng of Tang began a long westward journey to Lhasa to marry Songtsen Gampo, the king of Tibet. Tang China and Tibet had been fighting on the shores of Lake Kokonor, and this royal marriage brought long-lasting peace.

According to legend, as the princess' caravan passed through the region of Kham, a likness of Sakyamuni Buddha that they were carrying fell off its cart in Tagong. The princess took this as a sign that she was meant to leave a Buddha there, so she had an identical statue built and then continued her journey. Later she and the king would erect one hundred and eight temples throughout Tibet, including a temple in Tagong to house the Buddha that she had left there. Tagong Temple now belongs to the Sakya Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. The name of the town in Tibetan, Lhagang, is said to originate from the words "lha ga" in Tibetan, meaning "Gods are happy." As the sign in front of the temple declares, Tagong is the "place the Gods like."

I visited Tagong as part of a trip through the mountains of western Sichuan, known as Kham to Tibetans. Most travelers reach Tagong via a two-leg journey: first an early-morning bus that covers 350 kilometers from Chengdu to the mountain city of Kangding, and then a three-hour bus from there to Tagong.

The bus left Kangding before dawn on a Saturday morning and I watched the sunrise over snowy mountains. Between the winding roads and the gorgeous scenery, I felt intoxicated as I gazed out of the window. The Tibetans on the bus – Khampa, as the people of Kham are called – were mostly quiet, and they were just as likely to sing or chant as to talk. Khampa men are sturdily built, historically known to be horsemen and warriors. The women are strong too, and spend much of their time doing manual labor, perhaps even more so than men. Wander through any pastoral setting in Kham and you will see women farming or hauling bushels of barley on their backs.

A young Tibetan man in the back was telling riddles to the little Chinese boy next to him, and every once in a while he would burst out in song. He sang mostly popular folk songs, including "Love Song of Kangding" and "Drolma":

You have the name of a flower, pretty maiden Drolma,

You have the smile of a flower, pretty maiden Drolma,

You are like a free bird singing on the grasslands,

You are like a fluttering butterfly twinkling among the shrubs

Had I blinked I might have missed Tagong. It is little more than a flash on the road between Kangding and Bamei. As the bus rolled into town, a sign in Chinese on what might have been a schoolhouse read:

"A small place. A faraway place. Learning will make it into a good place."


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