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10:13 Mar 30 2010

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March 28, great monument in history of world's human rights
16:12, March 29, 2010  

China designated March 28 as an annual Serfs Emancipation Day last year to mark the date on which about one million serfs in the Tibet, or more than 90 percent of the Tibetan population, were freed in 1959. The decision was reached at the 2nd session of the Ninth Tibet Autonomous Regional People's Congress held on January 19, 2009 so as to comply with the strong voices and demands of 2.8 million people of varied ethnicities in the Tibet Autonomous region.

Flag raising ceremonies were held across the Tibet Autonomous Region on Sunday, or March 28th, to commemorate the 51st anniversary of the emancipation of serfs, and nearly 3,000 people gathered at the Potala Palace in Lhasa to mark the Serfs Emancipation Day in the form of raising the national flags and playing national anthems.

The democratic reform in Tibet aimed at emancipating serfs full 51 years ago under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is lofty and righteous, said Padma Choling, chairman of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Regional Government, at a grand celebration function last Saturday, or March 27.

On March 28, 1959, the State Council issued a decree to announce the dissolution of the former Tibetan local government. Ex-Tibetan serfs have since terminated their dark, miserable life. With the clarion call for a democratic life, the vast land on the heavenly Tibetan Plateau ushered in a new era when Tibetans became masters of their own destiny. So, March 28 is not only a watershed for a renewed lease of Tibetan life but a milestone in the history of the world's human rights.

Tibet has long been in a feudal serfdom which integrated theocracy, the dictatorship of monks, nobles, serf-owners and local governments monopolized by serf-owners, while the masses of serfs did not have the slightest political right at all. Serf-owners, who made up merely five percent of the Tibetan population, however, occupied all the farming land and most of the livestock while the one million serfs with nearly nothings left then to strive to survive in the "hell on earth".

The serf owners then could subject their serfs to such ruthless penalties, as those of gouging out eyes, cutting off noses, hands and feet, or bringing them to cramping and drowning, and all the punishments were so inhuman and shocking. On top of this, serfs could be arbitrarily sold, transferred or offered as gifts, bonded or put up for exchange as goods or beasts of burden.

Old Tibet over half a century ago was by no means the splendid, wonderful "Shangri-La" but instead was much darker, and more cruel, barbarous and backward than the feudal serfdom under the theocracy of the Middle Ages in Europe...

It is indeed an event of great importance in the political life of Tibetans to define March 28th as an annual Serfs Emancipation Day. Thanks to the counter-emergency campaign and the ensuing democratic reform, a great historic turn occurred in the nature of political power, the ownership of means of production, personal status, economic status and legal status, religious belief, the right to education and other aspects in Tibetan society then. This great turn has put an end to the history, in which the Tibetan serfs and slaves, who made up 95 percent of local population then but did not have any human rights, were emancipated fully to be masters of their own destiny.

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