During Songtsen Gampo’s time, the development of the Tubo Kingdom came to a period of great prosperity. In order to develop the relationship between Tubo and the surrounding countries, he sent envoys to Nepal firstly and then to the Tang’s court of China to make an offer of marriage in one hand. And by relying on his own armed strength to expand his territories steadily in other hand. With his territories expanding Guhuei to the north, he made an expedition to the west till they reached the four towns such as Gueizi, Yutian, Yianqi etc, where it connects with Nanzhuo, Dasi countries to the east. The Tubo kingdom had become the strongest military power in the west of China since the Qin and Han Dynasties.
Songtsen Gampo is the most important and well-known king of Tibet in Tibetan history. In 650, Songtsen Gampo died of illness. The Tubo Kingdom gradually declined. Because Trisong Detsan, the king of Tibet used force to fight against outside and went in for a large-scale construction and increased the heavy load of the people. He sharpened the social contradiction and led to successive turmoil. In 823, because of the aristocrats in the interior of the Tubo Kingdom fought for their power with each other, the society was in a turbulent situation. The slaves launched a large-scale uprising and stroke relentless blow at the rule of slavocracy’s class. Therefore, the Tubo Kingdom was thoroughly collapsed from then on.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Tibet was officially incorporated into China’s territory and finished the long term divisive situation in the interior of Tibet. The Tibetan people obtained the steady life. In the Ming and Qing Dynasty, the central government of China strengthened its administrative grip on Tibet. In recent years, the Tibetan people together with the Chinese people of all nationalities fought against the imperialist invasion and upheld the unified motherland of China.
In May 23,1951, the Central Committee of People’s Government and the local government of Tibet reached to an agreement –“the 17 Point Agreement on Measures of the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet.” In February 1952, the Military Area of Tibet was officially set up. In April 1956, the Tibet Autonomous Region was established.
The population in the Tibet Autonomous Region of over 2,600,000 is the smallest and least densely populated provincial area in our country. The Tibetans make up 94.7% of the total region. The distribution of population in Tibet is unbalanced. There are four prefectures and one municipality in the southeast of Tibet such as Chamdo, Nyitri, Lhoka, Shigatse and Lhasa, which make up 42% in the territory and population 85% of the whole region. The two areas northwest Nakchu and Ngari, where the land areas make up 58% of the whole region, and the population only 15% of the totality.
Source:China Tibet Tourism Bureau
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